What Are The Types Of Web Development For Beginners?

Types Of Web Development For Beginners
March 06 2023 James Walker

For computer science students, the most interesting field to choose is web development. All you need is a complete understanding of programming languages, coding, web hosting, web designing, and SEO (search engine optimization) skills. According to software development statistics, about 26.9 million people are developers in the world, so the scope is so high in this field. Are you a beginner and want to start your career in website development? Your decision is perfect, but before any start, you should know the basic types of developing websites. Read on further to learn about these types in detail.

Types of Web Development

Before knowing about the process of website development, you should have a complete idea about its types. The three types of building websites are front-end, back-end, and full-stack. Go ahead and understand how the developers skillfully build web solutions by following each type of web development.

1. Front-End Web Development

Everything you see on a website, like animation, text, images, links, buttons, and more, is part of front-end web development. The developer converts the idea of the client into a brand by using the coding system. The front-end website developer's duties are as follows:

  1. They have to make sure that the website works properly on every device, such as a phone or laptop.
  2. Developers create the buttons, logo, and proper website layout for the user.
  3. Remain up-to-date with modern technologies.
  4. Have complete knowledge of front-end web technologies which are HTML, JavaScript, and CSS to develop the best interface for the user.

Languages Used in Front-End Development

The details of basic languages to create the front end of the website are discussed below.




  • HTML stands for Hyper Markup Language and it is considered the foundation of all websites.

  • Developers use the HTML language to design the layout and structure of the website.

  • HTML is used to create web pages that contain images, text, videos, and other things like ads.


  • CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and it helps the developer to design a website page by using HTML code.

  • Developers use CSS tools to change the color, style, layout, and animation of the web pages.

  • In short, CSS helps developers enhance the presentation and layout of the website to make it look outclass.


  • JavaScript is also a programming language and it helps developers to create interaction on websites.

  • By using JavaScript a developer can add menus, buttons, and pop-up features to the website or application to make it user-friendly.

The users see a “play now” button and attractive web designing is created by front-end developers with the help of these three HTML, CSS, and JavaScript languages.

2. Back-End Web Development

In building a website, back-end web development is the most crucial part and it is also famous as server-side web page development. The back-end developers write, build and maintain the codes of the website. These codes connect websites to the server and ensure that the data of the website flows properly. In short, back-end website building mainly focuses on servers, databases, back-end logic, and APIs. the duties of back-end developers are as follows:

  • Back-end developers should know coding and debugging.

  • They know how to write clean codes.

  • Collaborate with front-end developers for better working of the website.

  • Know about HTML, CSS, and JavaScript languages.

  • Hand-on experience in back-end languages which are PHP, Java, MySQL, Python, .Net, and Angular.

Languages Used in Back-End Development

The details of the programming languages which are used to create back-end development of the website are discussed below.




  • PHP is the foundation of back-end website development for its simplicity, high speed, affordability, easy-to-maintain, and flexibility feature.

  • Developers use PHP-server-side scripting language to create dynamic content for the website and interact with the databases.


  • The Java programming language helps to create enterprise-scale web applications.

  • It also helps to build android, desktop, and scientific applications.


  • MySQL helps in computing data in large amounts.

  • Works better when you combine it with other languages such as Java, C, Perl, and PHP.

  • Developers can easily collect data from across databases and use it according to the target audience.


  • Developers use Python language because it offers better code readability and can integrate easily with other languages.

  • Famous applications Instagram and Pinterest are powered by Python language.


  • The .Net  is used to create a software application with the help of different languages C#, V.B .Net, F#, and C++.

  • It is used to develop applications for Windows, Mac, and Linux.


  • Developers use the angular programming language to develop single-page applications for clients.

  • It is an open-source framework that is written in typescript form to create applications.

Developers mostly use Python and Java language for back-end website building.

3. Full-Stack Web Development

Both front-end and back-end development of websites are involved in full-stack web development. Full-stack developers should have a thorough knowledge of databases, coding, website development, debugging, and design. They have hands-on experience in  building, redesigning, and speeding up the whole website. The full-stack developers know these things which are mentioned below.

  • Full-stack developers should know about HTML, CSS, and JavaScript programming languages.

  • You should know how to use the development tools properly for developing websites.

  • Developers must know back-end programming languages such as Python, PHP, etc.

  • You must be creative enough for web designing.

  • Developers should know about the API because it makes software development easier.

These are the three main types of web development and you can select any of them according to your interest. Afterwards, become an expert within your website development type and create websites of the highest quality with better performance.